Debt Ratios for Home Financing
Lenders use a ratio called "debt to income" to determine your maximum monthly payment after you have paid your other recurring debts.
Understanding the qualifying ratio
For the most part, underwriting for conventional mortgage loans needs a qualifying ratio of 28/36. An FHA loan will usually allow for a higher debt load, reflected in a higher (29/41) ratio.
The first number is how much (by percent) of your gross monthly income that can go toward housing costs. This ratio is figured on your total payment, including homeowners' insurance, HOA dues, Private Mortgage Insurance - everything.
The second number is what percent of your gross income every month that should be spent on housing costs and recurring debt together. For purposes of this ratio, debt includes payments on credit cards, auto/boat loans, child support, and the like.
A 28/36 qualifying ratio
- Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .28 = $1,260 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .36 = $1,620 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio
- Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .29 = $1,305 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .41 = $1,845 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
If you want to calculate pre-qualification numbers with your own financial data, we offer a Loan Pre-Qualifying Calculator.
Remember these are only guidelines. We'd be happy to go over pre-qualification to determine how much you can afford.
VSI Home Lending can walk you through the pitfalls of getting a mortgage. Give us a call at (260) 338-2561.