Debt to Income Ratio
The ratio of debt to income is a tool lenders use to calculate how much of your income is available for a monthly home loan payment after you have met your other monthly debt payments.
About the qualifying ratio
Most conventional loans need a qualifying ratio of 28/36. FHA loans are a little less restrictive, requiring a 29/41 ratio.
The first number in a qualifying ratio is the maximum amount (as a percentage) of your gross monthly income that can go to housing (including mortgage principal and interest, PMI, hazard insurance, taxes, and HOA dues).
The second number in the ratio is the maximum percentage of your gross monthly income that can be applied to housing costs and recurring debt. Recurring debt includes things like vehicle payments, child support and monthly credit card payments.
Some example data:
A 28/36 ratio
- Gross monthly income of $3,500 x .28 = $980 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $3,500 x .36 = $1,260 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio
- Gross monthly income of $3,500 x .29 = $1,015 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $3,500 x .41 = $1,435 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
If you want to calculate pre-qualification numbers on your own income and expenses, use this Mortgage Loan Qualifying Calculator.
Don't forget these ratios are just guidelines. We will be thrilled to go over pre-qualification to help you figure out how much you can afford.
VSI Home Lending can answer questions about these ratios and many others. Give us a call at (260) 338-2561.